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LATEST EDITION
Saturday, August 15, 2015
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As we celebrate the 69th Independence Day …


“Vandemaataram...”




It was the night of 14 August 1947 when Dr. Rajendra Prasad, the first President of India, chaired the Constituent Assembly of India that commenced in the Constitution Hall in New Delhi at 11:00 PM (IST) and 'Vandemaataram' was first on the agenda, which was sung by Sucheta Kripalani, the great Freedom Fighter of India. Pundit Jawaharlal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of independent India, announced the birth of a new nation born after more than a century of colonial rule, with these golden words: “ At the stroke of the midnight hour, when the world seeps, India will awake to life and freedom.” Jawaharlal Nehru made his famous speech, 'Tryst with Destiny', which is considered one of the best speeches of the 20th Century and he called upon the members to take a solemn pledge of dedication to the service of India and her people and to the still larger cause of humanity: “Long years ago, we made a tryst with destiny, and now the time comes when we shall redeem our pledge, not wholly or in full measure, but very substantially. At the stroke of the midnight hour, when the world seeps, India will awake to life and freedom. A moment comes, which comes but rarely in history, when we step out from the old to the new, when an age ends, and when the soul of a nation, long suppressed, finds utterance. It is fitting that at this solemn moment we take the pledge of dedication to the service of India and her people and to the still larger cause of humanity … … Are we brave enough and wise enough to grasp this opportunity and accept the challenge of the future?": the rationalist in India's best-loved Prime Minister was evident in his speech. 'The great day' that millions of people have been dreaming about for years materialized on Friday, 15 August 1947 and today is the 69th celebration of that Big Day!


Mahatma Gandhi and Nehru worked together on the values that should shape this new great nation. However, the signing of the Constitution of India did not take place till 26 January 1950; much has happened to this magnificent country since the independence, both good and bad! Gandhiji, the apostle of non-violence and leader of freedom movement, was against the partition but even he was unable to stop the greatest forced migration of Hindus and Muslims that followed. A Hindu extremist shot and killed Gandhiji only six months after the Independence, Indira Gandhi, the second woman in the world to become the Prime Minister of a nation and who served as Prime Minister for 16 years, was assassinated in 1984; her son, Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi, was also killed by terrorist in 1991. And now, India has Pranab Mukherji as its 13th President at the Rashtrapathi Bhavan and Narendra Mod is our Prime Minister since May 2014.

'Vandemaataram' (Mother, I bow to Thee...”) was written by the Bengali writer Bankim Chandra Chatterjee on 7 November 1875 in Sanskrit and Bengali, which was translated into English by Aurobindo Ghose ---- "Mother, I bow to you ...Mother, I bow to you...". And I bow to Bharat Mata and all the mothers, Past, Present and of the Future, while I am listening to Bankim Chandra Chatterji's 'Vande Maataram ...'! The first two stanzas of 'Vandemaataram' were declared as the 'National Song of India' in 1950, when India became the 'Republic' and has the pride of place equal to that of 'Jana Gana Mana', the 'National Anthem' of the country. 'Jana Gana Mana' was written on 11 December 1911 in Bengali by Rabindranath Tagore, the Nobel Laureate (1913), who later translated it into English. One should enjoy it and feel patriotic, but make sure that one is standing in attention while the Anthem is being played -- I always get a lump in my throat when I hear our National Anthem! Tagore and Margaret Cousins, who was an expert in European music and wife of the Irish poet James Cousins, set down the notation for 'Jana Gana Mana' at Madanappalli in Andhra Pradesh, which is followed only when the song is sung in the original slow rendition – it is often performed in the orchestral/choral version composed by the English composer Herbert Murrill at Nehru's request! The framed original English translation of 'Jana Gana Mana', titled as 'The Morning Song of India' in Rabindranath Tagore's handwriting is displayed in the library of Theosophical College in Madanappalli. (Margaret Cousins came to Madras in 1915 when her husband was invited to edit Annie Besant`s 'New India'. Margaret worked to improving status of women in India and she was the first non Indian member of Indian Women`s University in Pune in 1916. She established the first Women`s organisation in India in 1917 and exerted pressure on the government to grand voting rights to Indian women. She also formed the 'All Women's Conference' in 1926 and became the President of AIWC in 1938.)

It is a known fact that the brains behind any ruling Government are its Administrative Services, IAS, IPS, IRS and IFS and Armed Forces that go on working even during political turmoil! It was Sardar Patel’s dream to have a disciplined Administrative Service without any interference from the political party and One hopes that this concept is strictly adhered to, for the smooth functioning of our Governments – we need to abolish corruption and have disciplined officers in our Civil Service to uphold the Nation’s pride in our democracy and culture. It is essential that the political parties acknowledge that the Civil Service is the backbone of a government. One still thinks of Dr D Babu Paul when the three letters, 'IAS' come to mind and we need more officers like him, and Rishi Raj Singh IPS, who has shown how to make the roads in Kerala safe while he was the Commissioner of Transport! I only hope that the 'Indian Administrative Service' continues to exist as a centralized Service and doesn't get destroyed by regional and political interference!


Gandhiji and Nehru had a dream -- a prosperous and united India -- the proud nation is still trying to reach that goal! In spite of modernism, we still believe in religion, integrity and family values, and one hopes that the 'Vibrant dream' will be fulfilled soon. To achieve this dream, one must remember here that the nation needs its people to work very hard forgetting all their differences. The new generation has to work towards achieving a better quality of life – protecting our women and children, improving the roads in our country, abolishing corruption at all levels and better judgement at choosing the political leaders, provision of good water supply and sanitation, awareness of one's civic duties in our homes and public places, growing our own vegetables if at all that's possible, avoiding additives, flavour enhancers and toxic chemicals such as artificial sweeteners, Monosodium glutamate (Free Glutamic acid) etc., better care for our elders and learning to love and respect others, and many more -- yes, we have a long way to go! Unless we overcome the fear of those whose faith is different from our own, we cannot build a free, just, and caring nation, and we need to do it individually and collectively without waiting for our government to take the lead.
©EMenonAugust2015

Indian National song: “Vandemaataram ...":
(https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WfqMmypbACg)

“Vande Maataram..

Vande Maataram..

Sujalaam suphalaam malayaj sheetalaam

Sasyashyaamalaam Maataram

Vande Maataram

Shubhra jyotsna pulakit yaaminiim

Phulla kusumita drumadala shobhiniim

Suhaasinim sumadhura bhaashinim

Sukhadaam varadaam
Maataram..
Vande Maataram
Vande Maataram"

Indian National Anthem: 'Jana Gana Mana ...': (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HtMF973tXIY)

“Jana-Gana-Mana-Adhinayaka,

Jaya hei
Bharata-Bhagya-Vidhata

Punjab-Sindhu-Gujarata-Maratha

Dravida-Utkala-Banga
Vindhya-Himachala-Yamuna-Ganga

Uchchhala-Jaladhi Taranga


Tava Subha Namei Jaagei

Tava Subha Ashisa Magei

Gahe Tava Jaya Gatha.

Jana-Gana-Mangala Dayaka Jaya hei
Bharata-Bhagya-Vidhata,

Jaya hei, Jaya hei, Jaya hei,

Jaya, Jaya, Jaya, Jaya hei”

 

FEATURED ARTICLE FROM THE ARCHIVES

"At the Stroke of the Midnight Hour..."
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(Please click on the images to see a larger picture)

August 14, 1947: Pundit Jawaharlal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of independent India, announced the birth of a new nation, born after more than a century of colonial rule, with these golden words -- "At the Stroke of the Midnight Hour, when the world sleeps, India will awake to life and freedom... Are we brave enough and wise enough to grasp this opportunity and accept the challenge of the future?" The rationalist in India's best-loved Prime Minister was evident in his speech. 'The great day' that millions of people have been dreaming about for years, at last materialised -- a day of rapturous jubilation!

Mahatma Gandhi and Nehru worked together on the values that should shape this new great nation. However, the signing of the Constitution of India did not take place till 26 January 1950; much has happened to this magnificent country since the independence, both good and bad. Gandhiji, the apostle of non-violence and leader of freedom movement, was against the partition but even he was unable to stop the greatest forced migration of Hindus and Muslims that followed. A Hindu extremist shot and killed Gandhiji only six months after the Independence, Indira Gandhi, the second woman in the world to become the Prime Minister of a nation and who served as Prime Minister for 16 years, was assassinated in 1984; her son, Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi, was also killed by terrorist in 1991. And now, India has Pranab Mukherji as its 13th President at the Rashtrapathi Bhavan.




The nation proudly celebrated the 'Golden Jubilee of India's Independence' on August 15 in 1997, and when the world was asleep, India woke up to two voices -- Latha Mangeshkar singing 'Sare Jahan-se achcha' and Pundit Bhimsen Joshi, 'Vande Matharam'. However, the living legend 'Yesudas' with his enigmatic voice would have been the ideal choice to take the floor in the Central Hall of Parliament when the country celebrated its golden jubilee; he achieved 'National integration' through the medium of music, bringing people together despite deep rooted barriers of caste, zones, and languages, which makes him more suited than most, to lift the nation's spirit to celestial heights on the glorious occasion -- no disrespect to Pundit Joshi or Latha Mangeshkar is intended as they both are great singers.







Armed Forces Medical College, set up in 1948, amalgamating the different units of the Indian Army Medical Corps has grown to become the premier Medical College in India, recognized worldwide! The great V K Krishna Menon inaugurated the ‘Graduate Wing’ on 4 August 1962, which produced its first batch of graduates in October 1966 and its Post Graduate Wing conducts postgraduate courses in many disciplines. 4 August is celebrated as ‘AFMC Day’ and the Postal Services has issued a ‘Postage Stamp displaying three AFMC students, and a First Day Cover’ on this day this year, to commemorate the ‘Golden Jubilee’ of this great institution! A great achievement for an institution that completed only 50 years of service, acknowledging that what can be achieved in 100 years has been achieved by AFMC in 50 years -- this kind of accolade is usually reserved for a Centenary or Bi-Centenary celebration -- moment of pride for the students, old and current, and the three wings of the Armed Forces of the post-Independent era!

India has been moving forward steadily since independence. The green revolution of the 1960s has helped the farmers to feed the nation's starving millions and export a surplus! Education has helped the once powerless and untouchables to make their voices heard and their numbers felt at the polls. It is quite remarkable that India has retained its faith in constitutional democracy in spite of many crisis; wars with Pakistan and China, natural disasters and communal violence, to mention a few. India has plunged into world economy; cable, television and satellite dishes seem to be everywhere, even in remote villages! Computer software is not alien to the man on the street. India ranks as one of the ten largest emerging markets in the world; but progress in different states is as varied as the multitude of customs and languages that prevail in different parts of India.


Creative writing in various Indian languages and English has been very popular in India that has gained a great momentum during the past few years; many writers have achieved national and global acclaim. Indian women have emerged as the 'Superpower', having representation in all walks of life, Prime Minister, ministers, judges, state governors, doctors and engineers, to mention a few. Our achievements in the field of education, medicine, engineering, agriculture, telecommunication, music and computer technology have been highly commendable; the progress has been steady but slow! While the modern technology has transformed the face of India, life in remote villages and tribal settlements has escaped the international consumer culture; rural life goes on as they have always done, despite the invasion of electronic media.

Although the constitution prohibits discrimination by caste, it still handicaps millions of citizens; however, the Dalits, have representation in India's Supreme Court and India had its first Dalit Head of State in the Rashtrapathi Bhavan. Mr K R Narayanan from Uzhavoor, Kottayam District and elected for Lok Sabha from Ottapalam in Kerala State was India's President, when the nation celebrated the golden jubilee of freedom -- a great scholar with a first-class honours degree in political science from London School of Economics, diplomat, Union minister, parliamentarian, and Vice President; few of his attributes that made him worthy of the nation's highest office.

Kerala State has achieved 100 % literacy rate and has one of the best maternal and infant mortality rate in India. Gandhiji had a vast following in Kerala, who believed in Gandhian philosophy, spending many years behind bars during the independent struggle: K. Kelappen, K P Keshava Menon, Kuttanadu Ramakrishna Pillai, K P Madhavan Nair, A M Thomas, C M Stephen, V K Krishna Menon, to mention a few. They, along with the other freedom fighters from all other states in India, dedicated their lives for the country during the freedom movement and since the independence -- their dedication and sacrifices should never be forgotten!



It is a known fact that the brains behind any ruling Government are its Administrative Services, IAS, IPS, IRS and IFS and Armed Forces that go on working even during political turmoil.! It was Sardar Patel’s dream to have a disciplined Administrative Service without any interference from the political party and One hopes that this concept is strictly adhered to, for the smooth functioning of our Governments – we need to abolish corruption and have disciplined officers in our Civil Service to uphold the Nation’s pride in our democracy and culture. It is essential that the political parties acknowledge that the Civil Service is the backbone of a government. One still thinks of Dr D Babu Paul when the three letters, 'IAS' come to mind and we need more officers like him!

Creative writing in various Indian languages and English has been very popular in India that has gained a great momentum during the past few years; many writers have achieved national and global acclaim. Indian women have emerged as the 'Superpower', having representation in all walks of life, Prime Minister, ministers, judges, state governors, doctors and engineers, to mention a few. Our achievements in the field of education, medicine, engineering, agriculture, telecommunication, music and computer technology have been highly commendable; the progress has been steady but slow! While the modern technology has transformed the face of India, life in remote villages and tribal settlements has escaped the international consumer culture; rural life goes on as they have always done, despite the invasion of electronic media.

India has always taken pride in the concept of 'Unity in diversity' and the progress in different walks of life has done very little to hinder this concept. One still finds decorated mud walls in villages with paintings of amazing beauty and city homes with flower decoration traced across the threshold. Though life is hard and filled with unimaginable drudgery at times, most people still find time to sing, dance and celebrate; then there are those who have a life of high fashion and glamour, designer clothes, night clubs, beauty pageants and modelling. Within these two extremes, we have the middle class, teachers and scientists, social workers, artists, classical dancers and musicians who devote themselves to an ancient art that is still vibrantly alive -- amidst all this diversity, one finds rocket launching pads and stock exchange!



India won six medals at the London Olympics 2012: Silver for Susheel Kumar (66 Kg Freestyle Wrestling), Silver for Vijayakumar (Shooting 25 Metre Rapid Fire Pistol), Bronze for Gagan Narang (Shooting 10 Metre Air Rifle), Bronze for Saina Nehwal (Badminton Singles), Bronze for Mary Com (51 Kg Boxing), Bronze for Yogeshwar Dutt (60 Kg Freestyle Wrestling) Whether it is Gold, Silver or Bronze at the Olympics, they are all most prestigious and we should be proud of them all and equally, of those athletes who were unfortunate in getting any medals! I only hope that the Government and the Sports authorities improve the training facilities and pay our athletes a good regular salary so that they can spend their time in training, in stead of balancing to earn a living and train at the same time! Promising to give jobs after winning an event is not good enough, but putting more money for the welfare of the athletes -- coaching, food, nutrition, free medical care including doctors, Psychologist and physiotherapist, clothing and equipment and improved facilities for National and International travel must be the priority for our authorities!



Gandhiji and Nehru had a dream -- a prosperous and united India -- the proud nation is still trying to reach that goal! In spite of modernism, we still believe in religion, integrity and family values, and One hopes that the 'Vibrant dream' will be fulfilled soon. To achieve this dream, One must remember here that the nation needs its people to work very hard forgetting all their differences. The new generation has to work towards achieving a better quality of life -- improving the roads in our country, abolishing corruption at all levels and better judgement at choosing the political leaders, provision of good water supply and sanitation, awareness of One's civic duties by stopping 'Harthals', strikes and ‘Sit-ins’ that stop the country's progress, better care for our elders and learning to love and respect others -- yes, we have a long way to go! Unless we overcome the fear of those whose faith is different from our own, we cannot build a free, just, and caring nation -- we need to do it individually and collectively without waiting for our government to take the lead.

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